Ayurveda is a holistic system of treatment and determined by the five Ayurvedic elements of earth, air, fire, water and space (ether). It is the oldest healing science that focuses on maintaining a physically and emotionally balanced state of the body.
In the Ayurvedic concept, every individual has own natural constitution of the three doshas, Vata, Pitta and Kapha.The aim of Ayurvedic treatment and medicines is to regain the lost balance of doshas. . So, physical and emotional health of a person depends on balance of the doshas. This system of medicine was shaped in the ancient lands of India about 5,000–6,000 years ago.
According to ayurveda, every person has a distinct pattern of energy; a specific combination of physical, mental, and emotional characteristics just like all of us have a unique thumbprint. Based on this concept of energy, ayurveda considers that there are three basic energy types called doshas, which are present in every person.
Vata is created by space or ether and air This energy controls bodily functions related with motion, as well as blood circulation, breathing, blinking, and the beating of the heart. . It is considered to be the active force that allows the other doshas to work. It exists main in the colon but also found in thighs, hips, ears, bones, pelvic cavity and ears. Vata energy in proper balance promotes creativity and vitality and its imbalance can cause fear and anxiety.
Pita is created by interaction of water and fire. This energy controls the body’s metabolic systems, as well as digestion, absorption, nutrition, and body temperature. It is located mainly in stomach, small intestine, blood, fat, skin, eyes and sweat glands. From teenage to adulthood, activity of Pitta is at its peak in any person.Pitta dosha is. It is the force behind metabolism, body temperature, colour of the skin and intelligence. Excessive Pitta leads to hormonal imbalance, ulcers, skin irritation and emotions such as jealousy and anger. Too little of Pitta causes indigestion, poor metabolism and hampered cognitive abilities.
Kapha is created by water & earth. It provides water to all body parts, moisturises the skin, and sustains the immune system of the body. The function of this dosha is to lubricate joints, provide immunity, giving moisture to the skin and eyes, heal wounds and provide force to the heart and lungs. Excessive buildup of Kapha is the cause of cough and cold and mental issues while too little can cause dry respiratory tract, stomach problems and problem in concentrating.